Electric safety is probably the last thing that crosses anyone’s mind on a leisurely summertime boat ride. But because water and electricity are a deadly combination, before taking off, brush up on some boating safety rules.
“It’s critical you stay away from electric power lines and other electricity sources when you go boating,” said Bill Conley, President and CEO at Boone REMC. “After all, besides being a popular ingredient for summertime fun, water is a good conductor of electricity. Even when you’re on a boat, electricity still tries to reach the ground below to the bottom of the body of water.”
Boaters should constantly be aware of the location of power lines. That means paying close attention when raising or lowering the boat’s mast or spar and ensuring drying sails and sheet lines don’t blow into power lines.
“When docking your boat, enlist the help of another person to help guide you at least 10 feet away from all power lines,” NAME said.
Among other maritime must-dos:
- While on the water, watch for signs that indicate where underwater utility lines are located. Don’t anchor your boat near them.
- When fishing, check for overhead power lines before casting your line.
- If your boat accidentally comes in contact with a power line, whatever you do, don’t jump in the water. Stay on board and don’t touch anything made of metal. Don’t leave the boat until it has moved away from the power line.
- If you notice a tingling sensation while swimming, the water could be electrified. Get out quickly, avoiding metal objects like ladders.
- Equipment leakage circuit interrupters protect swimmers nearby from potential electrical leakage into the water around your boat. Consider installing them on your boat.
To make sure your boat’s electrical system is in ship shape, periodically have a professional marine electrician inspect it. It should meet local and state safety codes and standards. Make sure the boat’s AC outlets are three-prong. All electrical connections should be in a panel box to avoid contact. Ground fault circuit interrupters should be installed on your boat and on the dock. When using electricity near water, use portable GFCIs labeled “UL-Marine Listed.” Test all GFCIs once a month.
Danger in the water:
If there is something wrong with the wiring in or near boats or docks, the electric currents can flow into the water. Though the water molecules don’t conduct electricity, electrons are carried through the water by ions. As those electrons move, they create electrified water. When the human body comes in contact with electrified water it conducts electricity. As a result, the victim can completely lose muscle control, suffer from ventricular fibrillation and die from electric shock. That’s why you should never swim near electric-powered boats or docks.
Tips to prevent electrical injuries on boats and in the water:
· Don’t swim near docks or boats.
· If you notice a tingling sensation while swimming, get out of the water quickly and avoid metal objects like ladders.
· Don’t use frayed or damaged cords or any that have had the prongs removed.
· Install GFCIs on your boat and have them tested once a month.
· Equipment leakage circuit interrupters protect swimmers nearby from potential electrical leakage into the water around your boat. Consider installing them on your boat.
· Periodically have a professional marine electrician inspect your boat’s electrical system.
Source: Electrical Safety Foundation International